BECE Past Questions & Answers – 1996 (SOCIAL STUDIES)

August 1996


45 minutes

1. In which of the following belts in Ghana is cocoa commonly grown?
A. Mangrove forest
B. Tropical rainforest
C. Sudan savanna
D. Guinea savanna
E. Semi-deciduous forest

2. Which of the following places of interest attracts most tourists to Ghana?
A. Kotoka International Airport
B. Tema Harbour
C. Kakum National Park
D. Takoradi Harbour
E. Accra Sports Stadium

3. In the matrilineal system of inheritance, children inherit the property of their
A. father‟s mother B. mother‟s brother C. own mother
D. mother‟s father
E. own father

4. Which of the following is not a man-made feature?
A. Bridge
B. Settlement
C. Farm D. Road E. River

5. The time in Ghana is different from the time in Nigeria because of differences in
A. geological size
B. longitudinal position
C. population size
D. climate condition

E. latitudinal position

6. Some rivers meander in their lower course because
A. the land there is almost flat
B. the land there is very steep
C. the river erodes vertically at that stage
D. deposition is very low at this stage
E. the land there is strongly undulating

7. Aburi is normally cooler than Nsawam because
A. Nsawam is nearer the coast
B. Nsawam is in the Savanna zone
C. Nsawam is an industrial town
D. Aburi is on a highland
E. Aburi is in the forest belt

8. The main reason for encouraging farmers in Ghana to produce more cocoa is to
A. promote the manufacture of more cocoa products
B. generate more foreign exchange
C. make the farmer happy
D. set up more factories
E. help determine the best farmer.

9. In Ghana, Odwira festival usually serves all the following purposes except
A. providing entertainment
B. community development planning
C. pouring libation to the ancestors D. purification of the ancestral stools E. outdooring of new-born babies

10. The main purpose of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is to
A. achieve political freedom
B. achieve political unity
C. expand the size of West Africa
D. achieve free movement of peoples, goods and services
E. reduce migration problems

11. The League of Nations was formed soon after the
A. Middle West War
B. First World War
C. Second World War
D. Gulf War
E. Falkland War

12. How many seats were in the Legislative Assembly when Ghana became independent?

A. 204
B. 200
C. 120
D. 104
E. 100

Use the sketch map of Ghana to answer questions 13 to 19

map of ghana

13. The administrative region marked A is the
A. Central Region B. Ashanti Region C. Western Region D. Northern Region
E. Brong Ahafo Region

14. Th e river marked R is
A. Afram
B. Oti
C. Ankobra
D. Pra
E. Densu

15. The town marked T is
A. Tamale
B. Bawku

C. Sunyani
D. Wa
E. Axim

16. What feature is marked F on the map?
A. Rubber plantation
B. Dam
C. Airport
D. Railway Station
E. Quarry

17. The people who live in the area shaded P are
A. Ewes
B. Akans
C. Ga-Adangmes
D. Mamprusis
E. Sissalas

18. Th e town marked O is a/an
A. mining town
B. harbour town
C. historic town
D. gap town
E. industrial town

19. The town lettered C is a/an
A. district capital B. national capital C. regional capital D. rail terminus
E. industrial centre

20. One of the works of a Member of Parliament (MP) is to
A. make laws
B. judge criminals
C. arrest criminals
D. conduct state elections
E. administer laws

21. Which of the following is a land-locked country in West Africa?
A. Burkina Faso
B. Ghana
C. Nigeria
D. Sierra Leone
E. Liberia

22. Power in a democratic state is exercised by the
A. majority B. judiciary C. military D. monarch
E. parliament

23. Which of the following is produced on a large scale in the Middle East?
A. Gold
B. Diamond
C. Coal
D. Petroleum
E. Iron

24. The Panama Canal links the Pacific Ocean to the
A. Indian Ocean
B. North Atlantic Ocean
C. Arctic Ocean
D. South Atlantic Ocean
E. Antarctic Ocean

25. Which governor ruled the country between 1919 and 1927?
A. Commander Hill
B. Sir Gordon Guggisberg
C. Sir Alan Burns
D. Lord Luggard
E. Sir Charles Maclean

26. The Mamprusi are believed to have come from
A. Northern Mali
B. Western Nigeria
C. Southern Ghana
D. The east of Lake Chad
E. The south of Lake Victoria

27. The Poll Tax Ordinance was passed in
A. 1820
B. 1825
C. 1852
D. 1874
E. 1896

28. Which of the following cannot be considered as an economic activity?
A. Farming

B. Manufacturing
C. Teaching D. Learning E. Driving

29. The system of trade in which goods are directly exchanged for goods is known as
A. monetary economy B. exchange economy C. barter economy
D. primitive economy
E. socialist economy

30. Which of the minerals is not mined in Ghana?
A. Gold
B. Bauxite
C. Tin
D. Manganese
E. Diamond

31. Trade between two countries is called
A. barter trade B. surplus trade C. domestic trade
D. multilateral trade
E. bilateral trade

32. The only West African country which produces more cocoa than Ghana is
A. Togo
B. Cote d‟Ivoire
C. Benin
D. Sierra Leone
E. Liberia

33. The main objective of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is to
A. promote political freedom
B. reduce political conflicts
C. promote economic integration
D. increase industrialization in West Africa
E. promote political unity in West Africa

34. Mixed farming involves the growing of a
A. single crop on a large scale
B. variety of crops on a large scale
C. single crop for export only
D. variety of crops and rearing of animals

E. single crop for feeding animals

35. The person who led the Gonjas to settle at their present home in Northern Ghana was
A. Ndewura Jakpa B. Naa Dariziogo C. Naa Sitobu
D. Naa Zirile
E. Tohazie

36. The United Nations Organization has all the following is its aims except to
A. maintain international peace and security
B. promote friendliness among nations
C. remove all unpopular Heads of States of member countries
D. promote international economic development
E. promote respect for human rights

37. All the following are metallic minerals except
A. bauxite B. copper C. gold
D. diamond
E. manganese

38. There is a large population of white settlers in the highland areas of East Africa because
A. of the beautiful natural vegetation
B. it is safe to travel along the steep slopes
C. of sufficient sunshine and warmth
D. of the availability of rainfall
E. of the cool and healthy atmosphere

39. The struggle for Ghana‟s independence from 1951 to 1957 was led by
A. Dr J. B. Danquah
B. Mr Ako Adjei
C. Dr K. A. Busia
D. Dr Kwame Nkrumah
E. Mr K. A. Gbedemah

40. Most of the lakes in East Africa were formed as a result of the
A. rift valley system
B. fold mountain system
C. action of volcanoes
D. action of tropical wind
E. action of waves

August 1996




1. B. Tropical rainforest

2. C. Kakum National Park

3. B. mother‟s brother

4. E. River

5. B. longitudinal position

6. E. the land there is strongly undulating

7. D. Aburi is on a highland

8. B. generate more foreign exchange

9. E. outdooring of new-born babies

10. D. achieve free movement of peoples, goods and services

11. B. First World War

12. D. 104

13. E. Brong Ahafo Region

14. B. Oti

15. D. Wa

16. B. Dam

17. A. Ewes

18. C. historic town

19. C. regional capital

make laws

Burkina Faso



North Atlantic Ocean

Sir Gordon Guggisberg

The east of Lake Chad



barter economy


bilateral trade

Cote d‟Ivoire

promote economic integration

variety of crops and rearing of animals

Ndewura Jakpa

remove all unpopular Heads of States of member countries


of the cool and healthy atmosphere

Dr Kwame Nkrumah

rift valley system