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Home / ICT / BECE Past Questions & Answers 2011 (ICT)

BECE Past Questions & Answers 2011 (ICT)


April 2011


  1. 1. (a) (i)         WordPad


(iii) A.


Document Area or Text Area

Formatting Toolbar

C. Title bar


Menu bar

Standard toolbar

F. Ruler



(iv)       Functions of  B.         (Formatting Toolbar) –

(i)         To change the font style (ii)  To change the font size (iii)        To change the font colour

(iv)       To bold font (or reverse it)

(v)        To change font to italics (or reverse it) (vi)    To underline font

(vii)      To insert bullets

(viii)     To align text to the right / left / centre


Functions of  C.        (Title Bar)

(i)         It shows / displays the title of the document

(ii)        It shows / displays the icon of the application program

(iii)       It shows / displays the name of the application program

(iv)       It shows / displays the minimize, maximize and close command buttons

(v)        It can be used to resize the window

(vi)       It can be used to move / drag the window around


(b)       The steps (in the right order) involved in switching on a personal computer system

(i)         Check the power cables connected  to the  system unit and  monitor

(ii)        Check the main socket connection.

(iii)       Make sure there is no floppy disk in the floppy drive

(iv)       Press the power button on the system unit.

(v)          Press the power button on the monitor


(c)       Identification of the following ICT tools:

(i)1cHeadphone or earphone

(ii)iccDigital watch



1ccc     Pen drive or Flash memory/drive

  1. 2. (i) Input device

A device that allows the user to feed /put data into a computer


A component or peripheral device used to enter information into a computer


A hardware component that enables users to interact with a computer

Eamples are keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, etc

(ii) An output device


Any device that is capable of producing information from binary data that it receives from the



Any device capable of displaying information from a computer

Examples are printers, plotters, projectors, video displays, computer speakers, and synthesizers


Microphone Plotter



3. (a) Desktop as used in the personal computer environment
The background image of a display screen, on which windows, icons, and other
graphical items appear.
A display on a computer screen comprising background and icons representing equipment,
programs, and files
The windows desktop is the environment where all your work on the computer takes place.
Some features of the desktop screen includes: Start button, Taskbar, Wall paper, Notification
area, Mouse pointer etc.



Areas of learning where information and communication technology tools can be


(i)         Agriculture

(ii)        Medicine


(iii)       Geology

(iv)       Communications

(v)        Education

(vi)       Business accounting

(vii)      Music

(c)        Tools on the formatting toolbar of a word processing application

  • Bold,
  • Italic,
  • Underline,
  • Font size list,
  • Font type list,
  • Alignment (Right, Centre, Left, Justify)

(d)       Benefits associated with the use of information and communication tools in teaching and learning

(i)         They enable us to perform complex calculations.

(ii)        Lectures can be conducted using LCD projectors to beam lecture notes onto large screens

(iii)       They enable us to share knowledge thus using mobile phones, radio and the internet. (iv)            They enable us to access information using the internet or educational CDs like

Microsoft Encarta

(v)        They enable us to store large amounts of information on a portable medium, such flash memory, compact disk, digital versatile disc (DVD), etc


4. (a) Internet
The Internet is a worldwide system of interconnected computer networks.

The internet is an international computer network made up of thousands of networks linked

A global (or giant) computer network linking smaller computer networks worldwide



(b)       Uses of the Internet


(i)         To search for information on various topics, such as new, weather, sports, etc (ii)            To communicate with others through email, chatting services, phone calls, etc. (iii)            Countries use it for internal relations.

(iv)       For business / commercial activities, such as online banking, job search, buying and

selling, advertising etc

(v)        For research / studies or surveys

(vi)       For educational purposes, such as long distance education (online programmes), project writing, etc

(vii)      For entertainment, such as watching movies, sports, etc.

(viii)     For social networking through websites such as faceboo, twitter, hi5, myspace, etc.


(ix)       It provides access to services such as such as online banking, job seeking, and purchasing tickets for your favorite movies etc.





(c) (i)         A web browser

An application program used to browse the Internet or view web pages.

(ii)       Examples of web browser (i)        Netscape Navigator, (ii)       Opera, Safari,

(iii)       Internet Explorer, (iv)            Mozilla Firefox, (v)    Slim,

(vi)       Google Chrome

  1. 5. Explanation of the following terminologies: (a) Cell
  • A rectangular box in a worksheet of a spreadsheet program, such as Excel
  • It is a box in which one can enter a single piece of data
  • It is the intersection of a row and column in a worksheet
  • It is identified by the letter of the column and the number of the row
  • The cell can hold 3 types of data – text, a number (or numeric value) or a formula

(b)       Column:

  • A vertical line of cells (boxes) in a worksheet of a spreadsheet program
  • It is labelled with a letter
  • A column has the same width.



(c)        Row

  • A horizontal line of cells (boxes) in a worksheet of a spreadsheet program
  • It is labelled with a number
  • A row has the same height


(d)       Graph

A chart and its associated sample data in a table called data


  • A visual representation of worksheet data


  • Graphs / charts make it easier to understand the data in a worksheet
  • Some examples of graphs are
  • Pie graphs, bar graphs, line graphs, scatter graphs, column graph
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