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Home / Religious & Moral Education / BECE Past Questions & Answers – 2004 (RME)

BECE Past Questions & Answers – 2004 (RME)

1 hour

Answer threequestionsonlyfrom this section, choosingonequestion from eachpart
Creditwill be given for clarity of expression and orderlypresentation ofmaterial

Answer onequestion onlyfrom this part

1. (a) Explain the usefulness of the followingascreated byGod: (i) plants
(ii) sea, moon, stars

(b) What foursteps canyoutaketo preservethe plants inyour environment?

2. (a) What is prayer?
(b) Statethe importanceof prayer to thetraditional worshipper.

3. (a) Give five contributions of Caliph Abubakar toIslam.
(b) What threelessons can belearnt from the contributions of Caliph Abubakar?

Answer onequestion onlyfrom this part

4. (a) (b) State five good deeds that will merit commendation
Mention fourtypes of rewards thatgo withgooddeeds.

(a) (b)
Listfour benefits of livingachaste life
Mention five effects of teenagepregnancy

(a) (b)
What are religious songs?
Explain five moral lessons that can belearnt fromsuchsongs

Answer onequestion onlyfrom this part.

7. (a) (b) Howis leisuretime different from idleness?
Indicate fiveways in whichyoucan useyour leisuretime profitably

(a) (b)
Explain five moral responsibilities ofparents
What fourduties isapupilexpected to perform inschool? CLICK TO VIEW ANSWERS TO PART 2




1. (a) (i) The usefulness of plants:
(i) Several plants providefood for animals and humankind
(ii) Some plants can beusedas herbs orformedicine
(iii) Certain plants (trees / timber)areusedfor furniture and buildingmaterials
(iv) Plants (trees) serveas windbreaks that reducethedestructiveimpact of strong winds
(v) Green plants releaseoxygen(used for respiration)into the atmosphereas a resultof photosynthesis
(vi) Green plants help to reducethe carbondioxide concentration in the atmosphere
byabsorbingitfor photosynthesis
(vii) Certain plants areused to checkerosion
(viii)Some plants (trees) provideshade
(ix) Several plants, especiallytrees, serve as habitat /resting/ hidingplacefor otherlivingthings, suchas birds, monkeys, insects, snakes, etc
(x) Some plants areworshipped as deities incertain traditional societies
(xi) Some plants (eg,grass, plants with flowers, hedges, trees) are grown to beautifyaplace.
(xii) Certain parts of /substances from some plants canbeusedto makevarious items such as adhesives,fabric, brooms,footwear,etc
(xiii)Partsof certain plants areusedto provide fuel, such as firewoodand charcoal

(ii) Theusefulness ofthesea,
It serves asahabitat for fish and othersea creatures andplants
It is a sourceof food (seafood) formanand animals
It is a sourceof waterfordomesticpurposes suchas bathing and washing
It is used for theproduction of common salt
It is a means of transport (usingboats, ships, submarines, etc)
It is a sourceof water fordomesticpurposes
Crudeoilis drilled from below the seabed
It provides employment forpeople suchas fishermen, sailors, port workers,etc
It helps in rain formationas largeamounts of water get evaporated into the atmosphere

Theusefulness ofthemoon,
Itgives light to the earth duringthe night
It causes therising andfallingof seatides
It can be used to determinetimes and seasons
It is used bycertaincultures andreligions for predictions, prayer andas a deity
It has been used in manyworks of art, includinginnational flags, emblems,etc

Theusefulness ofthestars
Theygivelight to the earth
Thesun (astar)providesenergyfor lifeactivitieson earth
Stars can be used fornavigation
Stars can beused to telltimes and seasons
Stars areusedin manycultures and religions forpredictions, prayer andas adeity

(b) Steps youcantake to preserve theplants inyour environment
(i) Plantingmoretrees to replaceones that havebeencut down / felled– (Reforestation) (ii) Ensuringthat onlytreesofa certain minimumsize can be felled–(Controlled felling) (iii) Proposingthe makingand enforcement oflaws tocontrol thedestruction ofplants
(iv) Causingthe arrest, prosecution and punishment ofthose who destroythe vegetation
(v) Plantingtrees to createaforest– (Afforestation)
(vi) Creating forest reserves– foreststhat are kept from human exploitation
(vii) Preventingovergrazingbycattle and otheranimals
(viii)Preventingbushfires bypublic education and othercontrol measures

2. (a) Prayer
Prayer is the communication between manand adeity. Thedeitycould beGod / lessergods /
spirits / ancestors, etc

Theimportanceof prayer to thetraditional worshipper.
(i) To offer thanksgivingand praises to theobjects ofworship (Supreme God,lesser
gods, ancestors, etc)
(ii) To strengthen the bond between theworshipper and the object of worship
(iii) To express theworshippers faith andconfidencein the deities (Supreme God, lesser gods, certain spirits)
(iv) To show reverence/ honour forthe deities / object of worship
(v) To seek protection / securityfrom the deities
(vi) To request forblessings– favour,success, prosperity, riches, strength, etc
(vii) To confess theirevildeeds / wrongdoings andseek forgiveness
(viii) It promotes unity, solidarityand harmonyamongthe members of thecommunity
(ix) It encourages spiritualgrowth and progress
(x) It shows dependenceon thedeities forwellbeing and life

3. (a) ContributionsofCaliphAbubakar to Islam.
(i) HepresentedIslam to others in such awaythat manyof his friendsacceptedIslam

(ii) Out of compassion forslaves, hedeliberatelypurchased slaves and freed them. (iii) Hegavethe first public address invitingpeople toconvert toIslam
(iv) Together with the prophet Muhammed, heled theflight to Medina
(v) Hebought a land for theconstruction ofamosquein Medina
(vi) Hehelped to construct amosquein Medina
(vii) Hewas involved in several battles between Muslims and their enemies
(viii)Heled thedelegation in the first Hajjpilgrimageto Mecca
(ix) Hegavehis daughter, Aisha, in marriageto Prophet Muhammed
(x) Heled Muslims to conquer several territories, which led to the spread ofIslam
(xi) Hebrought unity among Muslims byresolvingmanyconflicts
(xii) Heorganized the compilation ofthe holyQuran into one book

(b) Lessons that can belearnt fromthecontributionsofCaliphAbubakar
(vii) Compassion– wemustbe compassionate
(viii)Kindness –wemustbekind and willingtogive toothers
(ix) Commitment– wemustshow commitment in everythingwedo
(x) Perseverance –wemustperseverein doing good things andnevergive up
(xi) Good stewardship – wemusttakegood careof whatever has beenentrusted to us and endeavourto improveupon it.
(xii) Humility– wemustbehumble, and not think of ourselves morehighlythan weshould

4. (a) Good deeds that will merit commendation
(i) Greetingpeople onemeets.
(ii) Goingto school / workearly/ punctually
(iii) Goingto school regularly
(iv) Doingone‟shomework properly
(v) Doingone‟sschool chores diligentlyand faithfully
(vi) Dressingneatlyand decently
(vii) Excellingin one‟stest orexamination
(viii) Assisting/ helpingfriends with theirschool workwhenever theyneed help. (ix) Reportingpeoplewho dobad deeds to the appropriate authority
(x) Doingone‟shouse chores diligentlyand faithfully
(xi) Obeyinginstructions from elderlypeople
(xii) Surrenderingone‟sseat in abus or at agatheringfor an elderlyperson
(xiii) Disposingof litterin a proper way
(xiv) Keepingour bodiesand surroundingscleanand tidyatalltimes
(xv) Usingwater andelectricitywisely.

(b) Types ofrewards that go with gooddeeds.
(i) Bookawards– Books or other educational material, usuallygivenat schools‟Speech
and Prize-givingceremonies, especiallyto pupils for excellent academicperformance. (ii) Cash prizes– Amounts of moneygiven as areward fora commendable
(iii) Certificates–Formal documents, usuallyusingacard,given in recognition of the successful completion ofaparticular courseor examination.

(iv) Promotion– A raise (anelevation) of theclass /status / level/position ofsomeone after havingdonesatisfactorywork at theprevious stage.
(v) Verbalappreciation– Words spoken, either to theperson aloneor to thehearingof everyone, toacknowledgeagood / commendablework bythat person
(vi) Recommendation– An expression ofsupport / endorsement / approvalfor someone
to another party.Itcould be either verbal or written
(vii) Scholarship– Financial help /an amountof moneyawarded to someoneto pursue furtherstudies
(viii) Goodtestimonial– A favourable report on thequalities andvirtues of someone
(ix) Citation– An official document orspeech that lauds someone, especiallydueto his/
her achievement.
(x) Praise– Words that express approval oradmiration forsomeoneor one‟swork.
(xi) Medals– asmall flat pieceof metal, usuallyshaped likea coin and stamped with an inscription or design,awarded to somebodyfor outstanding
(xii) Holiday – An exemptionperiod from regularor routinework
(xiii) Party – asocial gatheringto which people areinvited in order to enjoythemselves and often celebrate somethingor someone.
(xiv) A pleasurable experience, such as takingoneout fordinner,givingonean
opportunityto travel forholidays, etc

5. (a) Ben
(i) efits ofliving a chastelife
Honourto one‟sfamily
(ii) High social reputation (how societysees one)
(iii) High selfesteem /confidence (how onesees himself/herself)
(iv) Peaceof mind (sound mind) to focus on education.
(v) Smooth progress ofeducation / training
(vi) Prevention ofSexuallyTransmitted Diseases (STDs)
(vii) Avoidanceofteenagepregnancyand related problems
(viii)Greater trust and respectfrom spousein marriage
(ix) Higher chanceof attractingresponsible partner for marriage

(b) Effects ofteenagepregnancy
(i) Medical Complications– dueto the fact thatateenagegirl‟sbodyis usuallynot matured enough to safelycarryababy
(ii) Shameand disgraceonboth teenagemotherandfamily– sinceteenagepregnancyis considered unacceptablein most societies and cultures.
(iii) Worries about thefuture – regardinghow to cater forherselfandherchild, since
she is most likelyunemployed;and especiallywhen the fatherof the child has either refusedresponsibilityoris unableto help
(iv) Delayed Education– because shemayhaveto suspendher education ordrop out of school forawhile in order to deliverand nursethebabyforsometime.
(v) Depression– duethe intensemental stress she maybegoingthrough as aresultof the situation.
(vi) Financial difficulties– in the casewhereshe haslittle orno support from her parents orthe father ofthechild. Shemayhaveto usethe littlemoneyshe mayhaveto care forthe baby.

(vii) Baby health– Thebaby‟s health maybepooras aresultof theinadequatecareit
(viii) Reduced parentalcare– forthe babyas a resultof theteenagemother‟sseveral
challenges, includingfinancial, mental, physical,educational, etc
(ix) Increased burdenonsociety – if thechild dueto inadequatecare, ends upin the
social welfarechildren‟shome orbecomesastreet child.

6. (a) Religious songs
These aresongs that aresungbythe religiousgroups usuallyas part oftheworship activities. Thesesongs normallyexpress praise /adoration /consolation / affirmation /confession / inspiration / instruction /admonition etc.

Moral lessons that can belearnt fromsuchsongs
(i) Love– Wemustlove God and love ourneighbour
(ii) Peace– wemustlive atpeacewith one another
(iii) Compassion– wemustbe compassionatetowards others, especiallythosein unfortunate circumstances
(iv) Obedience– wemustobeyGod and thosewho have authorityover us
(v) Trust – wemusttrust God with all our heart andbetrustworthyourselves (vi) Faithfulness– wemustbe faithful with whateverwe are responsiblefor (vii) Submission– wemustsubmit ourselves to God and to our elders
(viii)Mercy / Forgiveness–wemustshow mercyto thosewho offend us and forgive them
(ix) Graciousness– wemustbegracious to others, just as God has been to us
(x) Honesty – wemustbehonest in allour dealings and relationships
(xi) Perseverance –wemustnot give up ourgoodworks even in difficult times
(xii) Diligent work– wemustwork diligently
(xiii)Generosity – wemustgive cheerfullyandabundantly

7. (a) Howleisure timeis different fromidleness

Taking abreak from one‟s usual
work Refusing/ failingto do one‟susual
Good practice forthe individual Bad practice forthe individual
A sign of discipline A sign of laziness
Beneficial oruseful Detrimental or harmful

(b) Ways inwhichyoucanuseyourleisure timeprofitably
(i) Taking anap
(ii) Playingbeneficialgames
(iii)Takingpart in asporting activity
(iv)Reading agood storybook or othergood materials (not textbooks) (v) Exercisingthe body
(vi)Takingpart in communallabour (orother activity) (vii)Seeking guidanceand counseling

(viii)Learninganew skill, such as riding abicycle, playingan instrument
(ix)Singing and dancing
(x) Listeningtogood music orother artistic work
(xi)Watchingagood movieorabeneficial programmeon TV

8. (a) Moral responsibilities of parents
(i) Teachingchildrengoodmanners
(ii) Helpingtheirchildren with their school work
(iii) Trainingthe children to do domesticwork / managethe home
(iv) Providingthe basic needs(food, shelterand clothes)fortheirchildren
(v) Providingapeaceful andharmonious environmentin thehome fortheir children
(vi) Payingthe school fees ofthe children
(vii) Leadingexemplarylivesfortheir children to emulate
(viii)Makingsavings / investments forthe futurewellbeingof the children
(ix) Guiding their children tomake right choices in life
(x) Prayingfor their children

(b) Duties that a pupilis expectedto performinschool
(i) Doingone‟sschool chores diligentlyand faithfully
(ii) Attendingmorningassemblyand allotherschoolgatherings regularlyandpunctually. (iii) Greetingandrespectingteachers and school mates
(iv) Payingattention duringlessons
(v) Doingand submitting class work on time
(vi) Ensuringthat one‟ssurroundings isalways kept clean
(vii) Dressingmodestlyand decently
(viii) Assisting/ helpingfriends whenever theyneed help. (ix) Obeying good instructions from teachers and seniors (x) Abidingbyallschool rules.

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